Today we are going to see the first black president of South Africa. And who ended the apartheid system and started a peaceful transition, his name is Nelson Mandela. Apart from this, he was also awarded the Nobel Prize for his efforts in world peace.
So in this post, we will talk about them. and finally, we will see Nelson Mandela quotes with images.
Who Is Nelson Mandela?
Nelson Mandela’s full name is Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela. He was born on 18 July 1918 in the village of Mawezzo, South Africa. His father Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa worked as the local head for the emperor.
But in 1926, he was dismissed for corruption. His father had three wives, of which Nelson’s mother Noqaphi Nosekeni was his third wife. Mandela’s mother was of the Ammapamevu clan of Thembu.
Nelson Mandela Earlier Life :
Mandela started his early studies at the local Methodist school when he was seven years old. When Mandela was nine years old, his father died of an unknown disease. Then Mandela’s mother handed him over to Jongintaba Dalindiybo, the head of Thambu Regent.
Jongintaba and his wife Nengland raised Mandela as their child with their son, Justice, and daughter, Nomphu. When he was younger, he used to attend church services every Sunday, due to which Christianity became a part of his life.
He then attended the Methodist Mission School near the palace. Where he practiced English, Xhosa, History and Geography. When he was 16, he traveled to Tahlhara to undergo circumcision rituals.
Nelson then decided that he wanted to become a lawyer. For that, he studied law at South African Native College and then the University of Witwatersrand.
Nelson Mandela Career :
In 1944, he joined the Black-Liberation Group of the African National Congress and became the leader of this youth league. The same year he met and married Evelyn Notoko Masee.
Mandela then held other ANC leadership positions and opposed the apartheid policies of the ruling National Party. He founded South Africa’s first black law practice in 1952 in Johannesburg, along with fellow ANC leader Oliver Tambo.
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That year, Mandela began a campaign against laws near South Africa for which he traveled throughout the country. He fought non-violent means against these discriminatory laws.
Mandela’s staunch anti-activism put him in trouble. In 1956 he was arrested along with more than 100 others on charges of treason. He was released from prison in 1961. During this time he divorced his first wife and married Nomzamo Winifred Madikizela.
Unarmed black South Africans were massacred by police forces in Sharpeville in 1960. Because of which Mandela gave up his non-violent attitude. In 1962 he went to Algeria for guerrilla warfare training and returned to South Africa the same year.
Soon after his return, Mandela was arrested from a roadblock in Natal and was sentenced to 5 years. On June 12, 1964, Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment.
In 1976, the South African government presented conditional proposals for independence to Mandela. but Mandela did not accept the proposal. Mandela maintained extensive support among the black population of South Africa throughout his imprisonment.
After 1988, South Africa’s political situation deteriorated. During this time he met Botha’s successor, De Kilak. On 11 February 1990, the government of South Africa released Mandela from prison.
Nelson Mandela Political Career :
Shortly thereafter, Mandela was elected vice-president of the ANC and in 1991 he became the party’s president. He attempted to end apartheid under the leadership of the ANC and a peaceful change lane in illegal democracy in South Africa.
In 1994, Mandela won South Africa’s first election with universal suffrage and was sworn in as the president of the country’s first multi-government government. In 1995, he established the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate human rights violations under apartheid.
Due to this, the lives of the black population of the country should improve. In 1996, he established the new democratic constitution. In 1997, he relinquished his position with the ANC. Mandela and Medicizela-Mandela divorced in 1996, and in 1998, Mandela married Gramma McHale.
Nelson Mandela Political Retirement :
In 1999, Mandela stepped down as President of South Africa and retired from politics. He then worked as a lawyer for social justice. In 1999, he founded the Nelson Mandela Foundation. This foundation helped many people.
In June 2004, at the age of 85, his health deteriorated and he retired from all public functions. Mandela announced the formation of The Elders in a speech on his 89th birthday.
Mandela’s 90th birthday was marked across the country on 18 July 2008, and in a speech to the ceremony, Mandela called on the rich to help the world’s poor.
Nelson Mandela’s Last Years :
Mandela had a respiratory infection in 2011. He was hospitalized for that. In 2012, he underwent a lung infection and gallstones operation. In 2013, his health deteriorated due to his lung infection. And he was admitted to Pretoria Hospital in critical condition.
Nelson Mandela Death :
In September 2013, he was discharged from the hospital despite Mandela’s health deteriorating. He then struggled with prolonged respiratory infection and Mandela died on 5 December 2013 at the age of 95.
Thereafter declaring national mourning for ten days. He was cremated in Kunnu on 15 December. The United Nations then announced that Mandela’s birthday would be celebrated every year as Nelson Mandela International Day.
In the last let’s see some famous Nelson Mandela Quotes with images.
Nelson Mandela Quotes :
A brave man is not one who is not afraid, but he is the one who overcomes fear.
Where you stand depends on where you sit.
A combination of a good mind and a good heart is always formidable.
You cannot change others until you change yourself.
When you climb a great hill, then you realize that there are many more hills to climb.
Your choice reflects your hopes, not your fears.
If you want to achieve more in this world then only you will be able to do it through acts of mercy.
Live life like no one is watching you, and express yourself as everyone is listening to you.
We should all be the captain of our soul.
Courage does not mean a lack of fear, but victory over fear.
We must first be honest with ourselves.
Education is a powerful weapon that you can use to change the world.
Freedom is inseparable.
Always know about your enemy and his favorite game.
For success, it doesn’t matter where you start from, but it matters how high you aim.
There is no easy way to get freedom.
I am not an optimist, but I trust Hope.
Overcoming poverty is not an act of philanthropy but it is an act of justice.
Every task always seems impossible until it is completed.
Lead from the back and convince others that you are with him.
Without language, no person can understand another person.
I am the master of my destiny.
A person who wants as much as an award can never become a freedom fighter.
We must learn to use time creatively.
When in danger, you are taken to the front line and then people will appreciate your leadership.
I am fundamentally an optimistic person.
All the honest people of the world are great peacekeepers.
No person should be disgusted by looking at another person’s skin, background, or his religion.
A winner is always the dreamer who never gives up.
One should always live a life free from violence and fear.
If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy.
Peace is the biggest weapon of development.
Once a person decides to change himself, there is nothing that can stop them.
When a man is deprived of his right to live his life, he has no choice but to become an outlaw.
A good leader is like a shepherd. He stays behind the herd and lets the most agile go further.
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